ESAMI DI STATO 2011/ Maturità, seconda prova, liceo linguistico, tema di Inglese (Attualità), le soluzioni alle tracce ufficiali
There are many languages: sign language, national, regional and minority languages, languages of migrants and also languages of other continents. Why do you think it is important to preserve and enhance linguistic diversity? Make reference to your linguistic and social environment.
Language is an extremely important part of culture. Every different language expresses different cultural values because things that are important to the culture will have more words to describe them, or more specific words to distinguish between different states or types of one thing. For example, everyone has heard the legend that the Eskimos have many more words for snow than other societies. People feel themselves expressed by their own language in a way that no other language can describe them. Though languages are translatable, something always gets lost in the translation. Perhaps it is something intangible, but those nuances are vital to the beauty and uniqueness of a language. When Italians are studying English, for example, we often come across words that we cannot translate perfectly into English. There are also thousands of expressions that come from our specific culture. They are things that we all know, but that, if we translated them, they would be incomprehensible to an English person. Italian words tend to be longer than English ones, and Italian sentences more complex than the usual English sentence. Italian also has a formal case, whereas English does not. These things could reflect two different mindsets. Perhaps in English speaking countries, things are more informal and people get straight to the point, whereas in Italy, people are more indirect. Since Italian is longer and more complicated, yet also more musical sounding because of the larger concentration of vowels in each word, Italians could seem more emotional than English speakers. Many of the characteristics of our culture are therefore reflected in our language. Linguistic diversity is important because, the more languages we have, the more different types of people and places are expressed in the world. When a language dies out, it is as if the identity of an entire race dies as well, taking untold secrets of uncounted numbers of people throughout history with it.
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