MATURITA' 2012 SOLUZIONI/ Esame di Stato: svolgimento delle tracce di inglese del Liceo linguistico
MATURITA' 2012 SOLUZIONI, ESAME DI STATO: SVOLGIMENTO TRACCIA DI INGLESE DEL LICEO LINGUISTICO - Ecco la prima prova relativa agli studenti del liceo linguistico, quella relativa alla lingua inglese. Si è trattato di un doppio test, uno incentrato su una poesia del poeta americano Robert Frost, uno dei più noti poeti americani. Veniva chiesto di commentare la poesia e di fare dei brevi riassunti di commento alla poesia stessa e al poeta. IlSussidiario.net ha chiesto a Maria Bond, traduttrice madrelingua americana di svolgere il tema in questione: "Robert Frost è uno dei più conosciuti poeti americani di ogni tempo, per cui si suppone che gli studenti ne avessero una buona conoscenza fatta negli anni di studio" ha comentato. "L'impegno richiesto non era particolarmente difficile e neppure arduo da affrontare". La seconda traccia invece chiedeva di fare un paragone fra le prossime Olimpiadi di Londra e le ultime disputate quattro anni fa a Pechino. A seguire lo svolgimento delle due tracce.
The Road not Taken
1. 1. Where is the poet in the first stanza?
In the first stanza, the poet is in the woods, “a yellow wood”, at a place where there is a fork in the road and he has to make a choice of which path to take to continue.
2. 2. What does the poet do when he comes to the two roads?
He stands there a long time looking down both of the paths, trying to decide which to take.
3. 3. Why does he choose the road he does?
He chooses the one he does because it is “grassy and want of wear”, meaning that not many people have travelled down it recently. It is open to interpretation whether or not the decision was thought-out or not, since the roads seem to be very similar.
4. 4. How different are the two roads, judging by the description given in the second stanza?
According to the second stanza, one of the roads is “grassy”, perhaps more than the other, but since many people have walked on both of them, they are worn down almost equally. Both also have new leaves that have not been touched on top. Thus, they are not really very different.
5. 5. Does the poet think that he will ever go back and take the other road? Why/Why not?
No, he thinks that he will not come back, though in the moment he hopes to. He says that “way leads on to way”, meaning that the path goes on and one decision leads to another and to another, and it is difficult if not impossible to return to a moment in the past.
6. 6. What does the poet express with the word “sigh” in the last stanza?
The poet uses the word “sigh” in the last stanza to refer to a future moment when he is looking back on this decision. This sigh seems to be partly a sigh of regret, or nostalgia, that he could not take the other road as well and see where it would have gone, but it could also be a sigh of contentment, as the path he had chosen led him somewhere good.
7. 7. Can the poet know what “difference” his choice will make? Why/Why not?
At the time of the poem, the poet cannot know what “difference” his choice will make because he cannot see the future. He is predicting that in the future he will look back and see that this choice “made all the difference”, but he does not know what difference it will have made.
8. 8. What makes “all the difference”?
The fact that he took the less traveled road, the one that fewer people take, “made all the difference”.
Summarize the content of the passage in about 120 words.
The narrator in Robert Frost’s poem describes a moment when, while walking in the woods, he comes to a fork in the road, and must make a choice about which road to take to continue his trip. He stands in the fork and looks down each road to see which seems better. It seems that they are very similar, both worn down but with new leaves that have not been touched on top. He finally decides to take the second road, though he regrets that he cannot go down both, and knows that, however he might wish to, he will probably never come back and take the first road. He imagines a future moment when he will look back on the moment with a sigh and think about how this choice, taking the less-travelled road, and what followed from it, changed everything for him.
Making choices is inevitable in life, so we all have roads “not taken”. What do you think is an appropriate attitude to take when faced with choices? Discuss your views on the topic by referring to your experience in a paragraph of some 300 words.
In life, everyone must make many choices, from the most mundane to the most life-changing. Robert Frost’s The Road not Taken explores this aspect of life through the metaphor of the fork in the road. His poem describes the moment of decision-making accurately. In the moment of the decision, it always seems that the decision is a momentous one, one that “will make all the difference” and that our decisions are always limiting us, since we always leave one choice behind, never to see what would have come of it. A major decision that many students have to make, and that I made, was the decision of which university to attend. Sometimes I ask myself what would have happened to me had I chosen Middlebury over Boston College, and the decision seemed paralyzing at times when I was deciding. I think the appropriate attitude to take is probably that of being grateful for having options and the freedom to choose. Of course it is better to have many forks in the road than a road already completely mapped out and planned for us. Then, if the decision is so hard, it means that both of the options are equally good or bad, and so it is better, if possible, not to think about what-ifs, but just to live. When I’m really stuck, I flip a coin and see what my reaction to the outcome is. My college experience was very rewarding, and though I think that it did indeed “make all the difference”, and in a positive way, I also believe that any other choice would have done the same. Many times, it seems to be more important what a person learns from a decision, and what a person gets out of the road they have chosen, than the decision itself.