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SYRIA/ A coalition of minorities behind Assad’s resistance

Assad, and his coalition of minorities, continues to resist and to continue the repressions, while the divided rebellion is unable to put an end to the war. VITTORIO EMANUELE PARSI comments.

(Infophoto) (Infophoto)

One dead and three wounded is the result of the car bomb that exploded yesterday morning in Damascus. The bomb went off in front of the mosque near Merge Square in the center of the capital. The regime’s television station mentioned the explosion, stating that it occurred at the hands of "an armed terrorist group" near the complex of Yelbugha, in the Marjeh commercial district, next to the historic center. According to non-governmental sources, sixty people have been killed over the last few days, and according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, people are still dying in Hama and Deraa, despite the truce on April 12. IlSussidiario.net interviewed Vittorio Emanuele Parsi, Professor of International Relations at the Catholic University of Milan.

Professor, why is Syria unable to end its "Arab Spring"?
Fundamentally, what prevents the success of the rebels is the massive use of instruments of repression by the regime that has a coalition of all the minorities of Syrian society behind it, who become more and more frightened as situation becomes more radical. The regime has a clear interest in creating terror in the Sunni majority on the one hand, and on the other hand, with the same tool, in holding all the undecided parties together.

The plan put in place by the mediator for the Middle East sent by the UN, Kofi Annan, has failed, as have all the attempts at intervention by the Arab League.
Annan called for talks between the regime and representatives of the opposition, but the sponsors of that plan, the Arab League, the United States, England and France were not credible enough. It seems that what will happen is that everyone will take his time and wait until the situation becomes gangrenous, and that is also what Annan seems to be doing.

In your opinion, is Italy’s way of dealing with the situation in Syria correct?
Italy is, for now, on the side of the negotiations and, speaking clearly, even if we were to behave otherwise, it would not produce any shift in the balance. Surely, aligning with the other European states, we have insisted that the street violence is cruel, but more than that we cannot do. Moreover, our country must also be alert because we are heavily involved in military actions in southern Lebanon, operations that, personally, I think are already quite bold.

It seems that there are a huge number of Salafis in the ranks of the rebels: do you think that the concerns of the Christian minority, in the event of the fall of Assad, are well founded?