Politics & Society
June Mon 18, 2012
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The conservative New Democracy won first place with about 29.7% of the vote, followed by the radical left Syriza with about 27%. These are the results of yesterday’s elections in Greece, rightly or wrongly regarded as decisive for the fate of the euro. The socialist PASOK collapsed, collecting just 12.2%, while the neo-Nazi Golden Dawn captured almost 7%. Ilsussidiario.net contacted Dimitri Deliolanes, a Greek public television (ERT) reporter to ask him to comment on the exit polls. According to Delionales, the election brings a new bipolarity: on the one hand is New Democracy, which has the challenge of renegotiating the Memorandum of Understanding with its EU allies, while on the other hand there is Syriza, which will have to abandon its more extreme positions to accommodate the real situation of the country.Compared to the results of the May 6 elections, are there substantial differences? A new bipartisanship has emerged, represented by, on the one hand, the party of the tradition, New Democracy, and on the other by a new force, Syriza. The smaller parties are suffering, seeing their space downsized.What will the new scenario be in Greece after this election? The growth of Syriza, led by Tsipras, was due to the fact that it emerged as the party that had most consistently fought against the Memorandum of Understanding signed with Germany. Syriza thus took most of the PASOK electorate, who were disappointed and turned en masse to Tsipras’ party. The Socialist Party collapsed from 44% in 2009 to 12.2% yesterday. It is clear, therefore, that its votes went to the radical left.After the vote, what alliances can be made in the Greek Parliament? The real distinction between parties is their position on the Memorandum of Understanding. New Democracy, in theory, could count on an alliance with PASOK, but PASOK has already announced that it will not participate in any government. At least on paper it will be easier for Syriza to find allies in the Democratic Left and the Independent Greeks.Is an alliance between the two winners, Syriza and New Democracy, possible? No. It is true that both intend to renegotiate the Memorandum, but in very different ways. The leader of New Democracy, Samaras, signed the second Memorandum, and among the reforms proposed by the center-right there are some positions that Syriza absolutely does not share, such as privatization and the sale of public assets. The government of national unity, which foundered after the May 6 elections, will not be resurrected in any way.How do you explain the fact that New Democracy has been able to maintain its pool of voters?
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